Howto: Memcached replication = Repcached


repcachedImplementation of replicated memcached is fairly easy. Even though memcache isn’t suppose to be used in this manner and should be used as violatile service, there is alternative, which can replicate data from one memcached to another. It’s called Repcached. As long as one repcached server is up, you will keep all your data written in either of the repcached servers.


Basically, you have to download and compile your own version of repcached from source (, but I was kind and made a .rpm for you in case you use CentOS 6.x and don’t want to install all the build utils needed to compile repcached. Download it here: memcached-1.2.8-repcached-2.2-1.el6.x86_64

Install prerequisites and repcached:

yum install perl-IO-Socket-INET6 libevent
rpm -ivh memcached-1.2.8-repcached-2.2-1.el6.x86_64.rpm

Repcached expects another parameter "-x" besides the normal parameters of memcached. Set it in /etc/sysconfig/memcached, edit line with OPTIONS="" to:


Replace the xxx’s with ip of the other server running repcached. Do the same for the second repcached. You just need to cross link both of them.


At Host A running repcached:

mc001 ~ $ telnet localhost 11211
Connected to localhost.
Escape character is '^]'.
set test 0 0 4

At host B running repcached:

mc002 ~ $ telnet localhost 11211
Connected to localhost.
Escape character is '^]'.
get test
VALUE test 0 4

You see key and value got replicated.


That’s a little tricky part. When using connection to repcached server use stable version of memcache client from pecl. Do not use 3.0.x version, becouse it’s beta and you will get Segmentation fault, when you restart first repcached server and afterwards restart the second.

You can pass all your php sessions to repcached by editing your php.ini and setting:

session.save_handler = memcache
session.save_path = "tcp://mc001:11211, tcp://mc002:11211"

In /etc/php.d/memcache.ini you should have:


Note to the above: redundancy 2 actually isn’t needed, since you are running repcached, but I really like to be sure data was sent to both servers and was written. You can set it to 1 if you wish. Thing of personal preference. (It is double the network troughput to repcached though.)

Be sure that when you are doing "$mc = new Memcache()" to use this in addServer options:

        $host, // host (mc001,mc002)
        11211, // port
        false, // persistent (for some reason balancing doesn't work when you use persistent connections)
        50,    // weight (choose whatever you wish...)
        1,     // timeout (time to wait before considering repcached server down)
        1,     // retry interval (retry dead server after this many seconds)
        true   // status (this is important, have to be true, or else memcache client will blacklist dead repcached server)

Test your application by alternate swithing each repcached on and off. You shouldn’t be logged out of your application.


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